During gestation, most women are not familiar with the possible occurrence of certain changes such as the mask of pregnancy or stretch marks. There are also other changes affecting the skin and nails, such as melasma, hair thinning, the appearance of spider and varicose, among others.
Variations in the skin can occur for many causes, some of them related to hormonal changes that happen in pregnancy. In other cases, skin problems may have been present at the time of gestation or evolved during pregnancy. That is why it is necessary to consult your doctor for these skin problems since he will be able to guide you about its causes and treatment.
What are some of the common skin changes during pregnancy?
During Pregnancy your skin will shift in a different stage, due to increase in hormones and blood volume. 70% of the expectant mums will face these problems while in gestation. Not all pregnant women notice these changes. Here are some of the following skin changes that you may experience during pregnancy:
Spider and Varicose Veins
Acne or Pimples
Spider and Varicose Veins
Spider veins and varicose veins
When we reach our fifties, most of us have had at least one spider vein or varicose vein, those purplish, twisted-looking threads that tend to show up more regularly in the legs and feet. However, while the same problem may cause both types of veins, they can result in symptoms that are clearly unlike. When we think of our cardiovascular system, we tend to think of the heart doing all the work in making sure the blood makes its way through the body – from the heart, out to the arms and legs and back again. However, the heart has some help. Inside your veins are tiny valves or “cusps.” These cusps are designed to work one way – to allow blood to move forward towards the heart, and avert it from backing up. As these valves open and close, blood is “helped along” in its tour back toward the heart and lungs. Over time, these small cusps can start to crash. When that happens, blood is allowed to pool behind the valves, causing weak spots in the threads that can eventually bulge and become purplish or bluish – the natural essence of varicose veins and spider veins. The “pooling-up” can also cause indication like pain, achiness, heaviness and fatigue in the affected area of the leg. Sometimes, the threads can become itchy and over-scratching results in sores or ulcers on the skin above the thread.
What causes Varicose and Spider veins to develop?
As specified, older age is one major risk factor, but there are others as well. People whose family members are vulnerable to varicose and spider veins are more likely to know them, even at younger ages, and so are the people who are fleshy. Pregnant women whose jobs require long periods of sitting or standing can also increase the risks of developing varicose veins and spider veins; that is because the pressure on the legs remains rose throughout the day, causing the vein walls to weaken as well as placing extra strain on the little threads. While varicose veins can cause painful indication, spider veins tend to be mainly cosmetic, which means that while they may look unappealing, they tend not to be lumped together with the sore, aching symptoms of varicose veins. However, that does not mean they do not need to be addressed and evaluated by an experienced vein specialist.
What is the treatment for spider and varicose veins?
Today, there are more choice than ever for treating varicose and spider veins safely and adequately. From minimally-invasive microphlebectomy procedures to remove the thread to laser-based and Sclerotherapy options that seal the seam off so circulation can be diverted to neighbouring veins, minimally invasive procedures are helping pregnant women to get rid of these unsightly veins quickly so they can look and feel better fast. With so many therapy options available, the best way to decide which procedure is right for you is to appoint an evaluation.
Acne or Pimples
Acne during pregnancy
Pregnancy often leads to acne because of the increase in the levels of hormones in the body. The increase in progesterone which is an Androgenic hormone causes the oil glands to secrete excess oils which lead to a skin break out into acne. Another cause of acne is that due to the alterations of hormonal levels, many women drink lesser amounts of water than normal. Because of this, the excess hormonal secretions do not get diluted, thus leading to bad skin. It is possible for acne to develop at any time during the entire pregnancy period, it happens most often during the first trimester when the changes in the hormonal levels are the most pronounced. As the case of each woman is different, the acne too clears up according to the individual body conditions. Mostly, as the term continues, the acne clears up as the body begins to produce oestrogen. Also, in most cases, the acne is removed a few months after the birth.
How to deal with the acne?
Many medicines contain chemicals that can harm during the pregnancy. It is more advisable to follow some simple skin care routines. Exercising more often is important. It helps to improve blood circulation in the body and ensures healthy skin. Eating a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables is the next step as it improves nutrition and deflects that your body is getting all the nourishment that it needs. The third phase is to drink much water throughout the day. The water helps to keep the body hydrated, and it also contributes to dilute the hormonal secretions, thus minimizing the acne-causing effects of the increased hormones.
Stretch marks are linear scars that appear straight or wavy. They appear when the skin is subjected to more pressure than it can withstand and it comes in small pieces of violet-pink or white pearls. They usually appear during pregnancy or when there is a noticeable change in weight that causes excessive distention of the skin. People who are or were overweight tend to have stretch marks on the abdomen, hips, buttocks, breasts, or the inside of the arms. When the tissue rupture is unyielding, in the abdominal area or below the navel, they may even bleed.
Treatments for stretch marks
Although there are many treatments, none of them takes them entirely, but they can hide them. If they are first grade, they can be erased in a high percentage of cases, but as the healing progresses, the possibilities are greatly reduced. Stretch marks appear on our skin when something presses on it, stretches it and cracks it. It all depends on the strength of the tissues. Pregnancies and contraceptives also accelerate them. Ninety percent of pregnant women suffer from them.
How to prevent stretch marks?
Gymnastics, massages and using anti-stretch marks creams help fight this hard battle. Other measures include drinking plenty of water and eating with a little salt. Disciplines such as rowing and bodybuilding, where muscle tension is prolonged, often leave the skin defenceless and predisposed to stretch marks. Steroids, either in ointments, injectables or by mouth also facilitate the appearance of stretch marks. Any quality cream that feeds our tissues with moisturizing elements can protect our skin but does not stop the creation of a stretch mark when the traction is too much. A hydrated and nourished skin, protected with the right elements, is in better conditions than any other to defend itself. Moreover, remember to start with the use of appropriate creams from the beginning of pregnancy!
Some dermatologists recommend creams containing retinoic acid because it protects the epithelia and effects a gentle peeling. Others think that they serve creams with collagen, elastin or any moisturizing factor.
How to disguise stretch marks?
The tattooed method tries to correct its colour so that they look like the rest of the skin around them. A series of previously mixed pigments are popularized into the scar – with an apparatus called micropigmentor. Thus dyed, the only thing that makes it visible is its different texture. This system is not painful. During the first few days the skin will look reddish, but then it will deflate and return to normal. However, some women heal poorly, and the tattoo remains as another scar. Another solution is surgery. A good plastic surgeon should study where the stretch marks are based and how proper the healing of the skin is.
Another way to disguise them is to make them with base and powder. There are good waterproof makeups. The tonality should change according to the tone that the skin takes under the exposure of the sun. Better to prevent, Then to cure. A healthy diet, plenty of water and maintaining and stable weight are the best allies to prevent its occurrence. Physical activity is an excellent complement because it also helps to oxygenate the body better.
Skin tag during pregnancy
Most pregnant women will see changes in their skin while they are expecting, including these small growths. That cute baby may not be the only thing that came with your pregnancy. If you are like many women, you are experiencing a few unwanted skin tags.
Here is what you need to know about this harmless but less-than-aesthetic skin condition:
They are tiny pieces of hanging skin that develops in folds or in areas where skin rubs against skin or clothing. Skin tags usually appear along the eyelids, neck, underarms, under the breasts, and in the groin. Our doctors say skin tags are completely harmless. Skin tags can appear at any time and are mostly hereditary. Due to increased hormones during pregnancy, as well as hormonal fluctuations while nursing, also causes them. In some cases, mums may develop skin tags in their groin or on their belly while in gestation, but do not notice them until after their baby is born.
What can you do to remove skin tags?
Skin tags can be reserved in a routine office visit to your physician or dermatologist. Depending on their size and number, they can either be cut off with clippers, frozen with liquid nitrogen or burned off with an electric needle. Just be aware that after skin tags are removed, new ones can appear. As Berson says: “If you are prone to getting them, you have the potential to develop more.”Infrequently your pregnancy glow can dim when certain skin woes pop up. If you have observed any small, soft, flesh-colored growths pop up since your belly has grown out; they are most likely skin tags. These excess skin growths usually appear on skin surfaces that are hot, moist or frequently rubbed, including the folds of your neck, armpits, torso, beneath your breasts or in the genitals. The (only) good news: They are entirely benign.